Historical Events


  • Pemberton born on 5 October, 1852
  • Great Ormond Street Hospital for Sick Children, London, admits first patient
  • First British public men's toilet opens in Fleet Street, London
  • First British public toilet for women opens in Bedford Street, London.
  • The Museum of Manufactures, predecessor of the Victoria and Albert Museum, is opened in London, initially at Marlborough House
  • State funeral of Duke of Wellington, London


  • Pemberton entered family roses in a rose show and won second prize
  • Victoria Embankment, London, opens
  • Following trials in London, the GPO agrees that red will replace the existing bronze green colour on all pillar and post boxes
  • Factory Act, London, establishes 56-hour working week and prevents children from being used as chimney sweeps
  • London School of Medicine for Women was founded


  • First rose show of the National Rose Society
  • The first Test cricket match takes place between England and Australia
  • For the only time in history The Boat Race between the Cambridge University and Oxford University Boat Clubs is declared a draw
  • All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club stages its first lawn tennis tournament at Wimbledon and Spencer Gore becomes first gentlemen's singles champion
  • Anna Sewell's novel Black Beauty is published


  • Pemberton exhibited his 'Grandmother's Roses' at National Rose Society
  • London Chamber of Commerce founded
  • Britain's first electric trams run in East London
  • Epping Forest England, dedicated by Queen Victoria
  • Queen Victoria recieves Zulu Chief Cetewayo
  • Married Women's Property Act enables wives to buy, own and sell property and to keep their own earnings, with effect from 1883
  • Queen Victoria opens the Royal Courts of Justice in London


  • Pemberton growing about 4,000 varieties of roses in his private collection
  • Birt Acres demonstrates his film projector, the Kineopticon, the first in Britain, to the Royal Photographic Society at the Queen's Hall in London. This is the first film show to an audience in the U.K
  • Walter Arnold of Kent receives the first speeding conviction for driving in excess of the contemporary speed limit of 2 mph
  • In LondonRobert W. Paul demonstrates his film projector, the Theatrograph (later known as the Animatograph), at the Alhambra Theatre
  • The Lumiere Brothers first project their films in Britain, at the Empire Theatre of Varieties, Leicester Square
  • London Times publishes world's first classified advertisement
  • First cremation in England
  • Daily Mail newspaper founded
  • Law requiring a man to walk in front of moving cars waving a red flag is repealed
  • Queen Victoria establishes Distinguished Service Order (DSO) award
  • Queen Victoria surpasses her grandfather King George III as the longest reigning monarch in British history


  • Pemberton's favourite 'mother plant' was Trier (Lambert 1904) - a Multiflora Rambler.
  • Number plates are introduced as cars are licensed for the first time. A speed limit of 20 miles per hour is introduced
  • Britain's first surface electric trains begin running from Liverpool to Southport on the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway
  • The London Symphony Orchestra performs its first concert
  • British newspaper, "Daily Mirror," begins publishing
  • The Coliseum Theatre in London opens
  • The stage play Peter Pan, or The Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up premières in London
  • First daily wireless weather forecasts published in London


  • Pemberton bred Daphne
  • Post Office takes over National Telephone Company
  • Coal miners' strike begins
  • Suffragettes smash shop windows in the West End of London, especially around Oxford Street
  • Minimum wage introduced for miners after national strike
  • Sinking of the RMS Titanic: The White Star liner RMS Titanic strikes an iceberg and sinks on her maiden voyage from the United Kingdom to the United States
  • Woolwich Tunnel Opens in London
  • FA Cup final contested by Barnsley and West Bromwich Albion. It took two matches to determine a winner. The first took place at Crystal Palace on 20 April 1912 and the second on 24 April at Bramall Lane.


  • Pemberton bred Danaë and Moonlight
  • Life expectancy in Britain was about 50 for a man and about 54 for a woman
  • British suffragette Emily Pankhurst sentenced to three years in jail
  • The first Chelsea Flower Show held in London
  • Emily Davison, a suffragette, runs out in front of the King's horse, Anmer, at the Epsom Derby. She is trampled and dies four days later, never having regained consciousness
  • First woman magistrate, Miss Emily Dawson, appointed in London
  • 50,000 women take part in a pilgrimage in Hyde Park, London, organised by the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies
  • Arsenal Football Club, previously based in Plumstead, South London, move into their new stadium at Highbury, North London


  • Pemberton bred Ceres, Galatea, Winter Cheer, Pembertons White Rambler
  • Britain's first policewoman goes on duty
  • Suffragette Mary Richardson damages Velázquez' painting Rokeby Venus in London's National Gallery with a meat chopper
  • World War I begins


  • Pemberton bred Clytemnestra and Queen Alexandra
  • Manchester United v Liverpool involved in match fixing scandal in United's favour, with players from both sides benefiting from bets placed upon the result
  • Ilford, East London, rail crash kills 10 and injures 500
  • Pluto photographed for first time (although unknown at the time)
  • The foundation of the British Women's Institute
  • CH Chubb buys Stonehenge for £6,600


  • Bentall bred Paulette Bentall
  • Britain begins "Summer Time" (Daylight Savings Time)
  • Conscription begins in Britain


  • No roses were introduced in this year
  • Explosion at munitions factory at Silvertown, East London, kills 73 and injures over 400, and the fire causes over £2 million of damage
  • Sir Arthur Lee donates the country house Chequers to the nation
  • People's Dispensary for Sick Animals established by Maria Dickin


  • Pemberton bred Daybreak, Pax and Thisbe
  • British police strike leading to the Police Act 1919 which established the Police Federation of England and Wales as the representative body for the police. The Act also barred police from belonging to a trade union or affiliating with any other trade union body
  • Food rationing introduced in Britain and the health of the nation improved!
  • Britain grants women aged 30 and over the right to vote
  • School leaving age is raised to 14
  • Stonehenge was presented to the nation
  • Spanish Flu sweeps through Britain 2000 per week were dying in London
  • World War I ends


  • Pemberton bred Prosperity, Joan, Miriam, Star of Persia
  • Bow Street riots, London, lead to 30 servicemen being arrested following an attempt by police to stop three American servicemen playing dice outside the Eagle Hut
  • British Parliament passes a 48-hour working week with minimum wages
  • The Pip, Squeak and Wilfred comic strip debuts in the Daily Mirror
  • Police strike in London and Liverpool for recognition of the National Union of Police and Prison Officers and over 2,000 strikers are dismissed
  • First scheduled passenger service by airplane between Paris and London
  • Lincoln's Inn in London admits its first female bar student


  • Pemberton bred Castillo, Havering Rambler, The General and Vanity
  • First flight from London to South Africa takes-off and lasts 1½ months
  • Aston Villa beat Huddersfield Town 1-0 in the first FA Cup Final since 1915
  • Women lecturers are given equal status to their male colleagues at Oxford University
  • The Government proposes a car tax of £1 per horsepower (13 p/kW)
  • Post Office says children could not be sent by parcel post!
  • The first night bus services are introduced in London
  • Percy Fender (Surrey v Northants) scores 100 in 35 minutes
  • The Metropolitan Police forms the Flying Squad, following an announcement on 17 February that their horses will be replaced by cars
  • The first one hundred women are admitted to study for full degrees at Oxford University
  • Rupert Bear first appears in a cartoon strip in the Daily Express
  • First complete public performance of Gustav Holst's suite The Planets given in London by the London Symphony Orchestra conducted by Albert Coates


  • Pemberton bred Mary Monro, Ruth and Sammy
  • Car tax discs are introduced
  • Chequers becomes an official residence of the Prime Minister
  • Dr Marie Stopes opens the United Kingdom's first birth control clinic in Holloway, London
  • British coal miners go on strike
  • Police patrol London on motorcycles for the first time
  • Sunday postal collection and delivery is suspended
  • Poplar Rates Rebellion led by George Lansbury, Borough Council in Poplar, London, withholds collection of part of its rates, leading to six weeks' imprisonment of thirty councillors (including six women) and hasty passage of The London Authorities (Financial Provision) Act through Parliament to equalise tax burdens between rich and poor boroughs
  • Charlie Chaplin visits London and is met by thousands


  • Pemberton bred The Adjutant, Princess Nagaka, Francesca and Kathleen
  • First independent bus operator appeared in London
  • Grand National at Aintree sees only three horses out of 32 starters finish
  • Dr Ivy Williams is the first woman to be called to the English Bar
  • County Hall, London, opened as the new headquarters of the London County Council
  • Speaking on the radio station 2LO, the Prince of Wales becomes the first Royal to make a public broadcast
  • The British Broadcasting Company (BBC) is formed
  • A broadcasting licence fee of ten shillings is introduced
  • Havering Hockey club founded


  • Pemberton bred Aurora, Nur Mahal and Seaspray
  • Electric billboards were set up on the facade of the London Pavilion, Piccadilly Circus, London
  • Flying Scotsman goes into service
  • Prince Albert (George VI) marries Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon
  • England's House of Lords accepts new divorce law
  • Radio Times first published
  • FA Cup Final between Bolton Wanderers and West Ham United on 28 April 1923 (2-0) at the original Wembley Stadium in London.  The final was preceded by chaotic scenes as vast crowds surged into the stadium, exceeding its official capacity of approximately 125,000. A crowd of around 300,000 gained entrance and the terraces overflowed, with spectators spilling onto the pitch. Mounted policemen, including one on a light-coloured horse had to be brought in to clear the crowds from the pitch and allow the match to take place. The match began 45 minutes late as crowds stood around the perimeter of the pitch. The match is often referred to as the "White Horse Final" and is commemorated by the White Horse Bridge at the new Wembley Stadium


  • Pemberton bred Helen Taylor and Penelope
  • Meteorological Office issues its first broadcast Shipping Forecast, at this time called Weather Shipping
  • GMT: Hourly time signals from Royal Greenwich Observatory are broadcast for the first time
  • London Traffic Act 1924 to control private bus operators, drawn up in response to "pirate" operators  who often discharged passengers before the route's end in order to pursue more profitable business
  • Inauguration of The Essex County Amateur Golf Union
  • Sunday Express publishes first British crossword puzzle
  • The last Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost is sold in London, England


  • Pemberton bred Anne, Bertha Turner, Cornelia and I Zingari
  • Eastern Avenue opened as part of the arterial road from London to Southend
  • In London, John Logie Baird successfully transmits the first television pictures with a greyscale image
  • London city's first double-decker buses with covered top decks are introduced
  • Hylands Park, Hornchurch, has a large trotting track laid out with the first race meeting held on Whit Monday


  • Pemberton died on July 22, 1926.  Pemberton bred Dorina Neave, Felicia and Noami
  • First public demonstration of television by John L Baird, London
  • Traffic lights installed on Piccadilly Circus, London
  • First transatlantic telephone call between London and New York
  • British coal-miners go on strike
  • British general strike with 3 million workers supporting miners
  • British miners strikes ends after 28 weeks
  • Winnie-the-Pooh is published by Author A. A. Milne


  • Pemberton bred Althea, Bernice, Bianca, Chami, E. Pemberton-Barnes, Fortuna, Iris Patricia Green, Maid Marion, Rachel, Rebecca, Rivers Musk and Robin Hood pre-1927 and these were later introduced by Bentall
  • Teddy Wakelam gives the first sports commentary on BBC Radio
  • Gale force winds reaching 112 miles per hour batter the whole of the United Kingdom, killing twenty-three people
  • In Britain, the Trade Disputes and Trade Union Act 1927 forbids strikes of supportruling out another general strike
  • First British airliner to serve cooked meals (Imperial Airways)
  • In Britain, a 1000 people a week die from influenza epidemic
  • Christopher Stone presents a record programme, becoming the first British disc jockey
  • Gertrude Ederle is the first Englishwoman to swim the English Channel
  • 1600 people hospitalised in London when they hurt themselves on the icy streets
  • Hylands Park, Hornchurch, purchased from the French family by Hornchurch District Council (a large trotting track had been laid out in 1925)
  • Shocking murder of PC Gutteridge on 27 September 1927 on the Ongar Road, Essex
  • Upminster Hall, a Grade II listed building, became the Clubhouse of the newly formed Upminster Golf Club, Havering
  • Hainault Forest Golf Club opens the Lower Course designed by 5 times Open champion J H Taylor (Upper Course was opened in 1908)


  • Introduced by Bentall E. Pemberton-Barnes and Iris Patricia Green
  • The river Thames floods and 14 people were drowned and thousands made homeless
  • First solo England to Australia flight takes off (Bert Hinkler)
  • Heavy hailstorms kill eleven in England
  • The Oxford English Dictionary is completed after 70 years
  • The Australian sport of Speedway is competitively demonstrated for the first time in the UK with a meet at High Beach in Epping Forest
  • First run of the Flying Scotsman steam-hauled express train from London to Edinburgh (although earlier services had been unofficially known by this name)
  • England lowers age of women voters from 30 to 21
  • John Logie Baird demonstrates the world's first colour television transmission
  • Alexander Fleming, at St Mary's Hospital, London, accidentally rediscovers the antibiotic Penicillin
  • Tich Freeman sets all-time record for number of wickets taken in an English cricket season
  • Imperial Airways begins England-India mail and passenger service
  • Heinz Baked Beans are manufactured in the UK for the first time
  • British Home Stores opens its first department store at Brixton, London
  • St Andrew's Park, Hornchurch, is named after the parish church of St Andrew, located to the south across the High Street and was opened to the public in 1928


  • Bentall introduced Chami and Rachel
  • First non-stop England to India flight takes-off
  • Romford Football Club re-established (Havering)
  • 29 October 1929, Black Tuesday hit Wall Street as investors traded some 16 million shares on the New York Stock Exchange in a single day. Billions of dollars were lost, wiping out thousands of investors. In the aftermath of Black Tuesday, America and the rest of the industrialized world spiralled downward into the Great Depression (1929-39), the deepest and longest-lasting economic downturn in the history of the Western industrialized world up to that time
  • Langtons (Hornchurch) Grade II listed building plus six acres of gardens gifted to the Council for use of the general public               


  • Bentall introduced Althea, Maid Marion and Rebecca
  • West Indies make first Test Cricket win, by 289 runs over England
  • BBC Radio from London reports on this day, 18 April, that "There is no news"
  • Telephone connection England-Australia goes into service
  • First woman to fly solo from England to Australia takes-off (Amy Johnson)
  • Bradman gets his 1,000th run of the English Cricket season
  • In London, inventor Harry Grindell Matthews demonstrates his device to project pictures on the clouds


  • Bentall bred J H Pemberton, Mary and Pink Prosperity
  • Ford Motor Company relocated from Trafford Park in Manchester, to a plant in Dagenham, which was already the location of supplier Briggs Motor Bodies
  • "White Horse Inn" opens in London and was the first proper musical at The London Coliseum after years of Variety
  • British House of Commons agrees that sports can be played on Sunday
  • Whipsnade Zoo opens in Whipsnade Bedfordshire England
  • Lawns Park, Mashiters Hill, previously owned by William Blakeley, acquired by Hornchurch UDC for public recreation but it was not laid out until 1956/7
  • St Mary Mother of God, Hornchurch (Havering), Founded


  • Bentall bred Sun-Ray, The Fairy and Thirza
  • First broadcast from the newly opened Broadcasting House
  • First experimental television broadcast by the BBC
  • The Times newspaper first appears set in the Times New Roman typeface devised by Stanley Morison
  • Thomas Beecham establishes the London Philharmonic Orchestra
  • Arrival of the Hunger March in London leads to several violent clashes with police
  • British Broadcasting Corporation begins transmitting overseas
  • King George V delivers the first Royal Christmas Message and his chair collapses
  • First issue of the magazine Woman's Own
  • Completion of the Becontree housing estate in East London, the largest housing estate in the world, consisting of some 27,000 new council houses which are home to more than 100,000 people. The first families had moved to the estate, which straddles the borders of Dagenham, Barking and Ilford, back in 1921
  • Jutsums Park, Romford (Havering) opened


  • Bentall bred Autumn Delight, Pearl and Rosaleen
  • The London Underground diagram designed by Harry Beck is introduced to the public
  • England regains the Ashes, thanks to bodyline tactics
  • In London, 500,000 march against anti-Semitism
  • Battersea Power Station, London, first generates electricity
  • Hornchurch Residents Association Established (Havering)


  • No roses were introduced this year.
  • British liner Queen Mary is launched
  • Percy Shaw, OBE, patented the reflective road stud or "cat's eye" and set up a company to manufacture his invention in 1935
  • Fifty-four-year-old grandmother Mrs G E Alington becomes the first woman in Britain to complete a parachute jump, skydiving from 1500 feet over Brooklands Aerodrome
  • Stanley Matthews makes his debut for the England national football team, beginning a record 23-year international career
  • Opening of the first Glyndebourne Festival Opera season
  • The London Zoo penguin pool opens, designed by Berthold Lubetkin's Tecton Architectural Group with Ove Arup, one of the most significant examples of modern architecture in Britain
  • Land donated to Hornchurch UDC for use as Harold Wood Cricket Ground, which later formed part of Harold Wood Park (Havering)


  • Bentall bred Bentall's Scarlet and Mayfair
  • England establishes 30 mph speed limit for towns and villages
  • Compulsory driving tests introduced in Great Britain
  • King George and Queen Mary celebrates silver jubilee
  • Driving license plates introduced in England
  • First automobile to exceed 300 mph, Sir Malcolm Campbell (301.337 mph)
  • Reflective cat's-eyes first used on British roads
  • Allen Lane founds Penguin Books to publish the first mass market paperbacks in Britain
  • Rowntree's of York produce their first Chocolate Crisp bars, which are renamed Kit Kat in 1937
  • Collier Row Recreation Ground opened in 1935 (Havering)


  • Bentall bred Belinda
  • Death of King George V at Sandringham, aged 70
  • Battle of Cable Street in East London between Metropolitan police and Oswald Mosley's blackshirts, Union of Facists, 150 demonstrators arrested
  • Edward VIII succeeds British King George V
  • Spitfire makes its first flight (Eastleigh Aerodrome in Southampton)
  • International Surrealist Exhibition opens at the New Burlington Galleries in London
  • Gatwick airport goes into operation
  • Pinewood Studios opens in Buckinghamshire England
  • The Jarrow March sets off for London
  • London's Crystal Palace (built 1851), destroyed by fire
  • Abdication of Edward VIII ended constitutional crisis his eldest brother Albert, the Duke of York became King George VI
  • Gaynes School, Upminster was opened (Havering)
  • Marshalls Park School opened.  It was later enlarged in 1945/6 and became Pettits Secondary School (Havering)
  • The Town Hall in Romford was built (Havering)


  • Bentall bred Ballerina and Havering
  • Safety glass in vehicle windscreens becomes mandatory in Great Britain
  • London County Council formation of a 'Green Belt' around London
  • Sir Frank Whittle ground-tests the first jet engine designed to power an aircraft at Rugby, England
  • Busmen strike in London
  • Coronation of King George VI of Britain at Westminster Abbey
  • The 999 emergency telephone number is introduced
  • Rise Park, Havering, was created through the support of Cllr Thomas England, who had the idea of creating a green corridor from Romford to Havering-Atte-Bower and donated land of Rise Park to connect Raphael Park and Bedfords (Havering)
  • The Mill, Upminster, was purchased by Essex County Council who intended to demolish it! The Mill deteriorated until 1960 when Essex County Council purchased additional land and demolished the Mill house, the steam plant and all the other out-buildings (Havering)


  • Charing Cross, London, 12 people seriously injured in tube crash
  • Second Charing Cross tube crash, 6 people killed
  • First public experimental demonstration of Baird's colour television in London
  • First televised FA Cup Final takes place between Huddersfield Town and Preston North End
  • The children's zoo at London Zoo is opened by Robert and Ted Kennedy, two of the sons of United States ambassador Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr
  • Test cricket is televised for the first time
  • The Beano comic first goes on sale, featuring the character Lord Snooty
  • First green belts begin to be established in the UK, around Sheffield and London, the latter under terms of the Green Belt (London and Home Counties) Act
  • Essex County Council bought a large area of the once royal estate and opened the three public parks: Havering Country Park, Bedfords Park and Pyrgo Park (Havering)


  • Bentall bred Buff Beauty
  • British decoration, George Cross, first presented
  • Future Queen Elizabeth of England meets future husband Philip
  • WWII begins
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